Harmful algal blooms can lead to brain damage and epilepsy. This case report describes the first interneuron transplant in a California sea lion. These preliminary results suggest the sea lion's quality of life has improved, and this therapy holds tremendous potential for benefit.
Simeone, C.A., Andrews, J.P., Johnson, S.P., Casalia, M., Kochanski, R., Chang, E.F., Cameron, D., Dennison, S., Inglis, B., Scott, G. and Kruse-Elliott, K., 2022. Xenotransplantation of porcine progenitor cells in an epileptic California sea lion (Zalophus californianus): illustrative case. Journal of Neurosurgery: Case Lessons, 3(12).